The World Economic Forum chose to outstanding professionals under 40 years to raise what they expect for planet for 2030 and how we can improve life on earth:

- It is not a mystery, China will have the world's largest economy.
It will be 50 percent bigger than the U.S., the second, and twice than India in third place.

- The current dominant triangle: USA, Japan and Germany, will be replaced by five Asian superpowers: China, India, Japan, Korea and Indonesia.

Among industrialized nations, the U.S. will remain the largest, with Europe and Japan far.

What can be cause of death and new remedies

70 per cent of deaths will occur in non-communicable diseases such as cancer, heart problems and diabetes.
The largest increase was seen in cancer (7.8 million annually to 10.8) and AIDS (2.8 million to 6.4).
Also deaths from accidents will increase (especially those in transit, particularly in developing countries), while infectious diseases like malaria and tuberculosis will be reduced due to greater access to vaccines.

- The lung problems and chronic respiratory disease take relevance as causes of mortality.
- The cigarette will kill 8.3 million people in 2030 (now kills 5 million).
- Infant mortality will be
reduced from 51 per thousand children born to 27.
- The list of major diseases will be completely different.
AIDS ranks first globally, followed by depression and heart problems.
- Alzheimer's, other dementias and alcoholism also will increase. Cigarette, diets rich in calories and physical inactivity will become risk factors, especially in developed nations.

Islamists will grow

- Today, 85.8 percent of the population adheres to any religion, that figure will reach 88.1 percent in 2030.
- Christianism will be 33 percent , Islam 25 percent and Hinduism will be located in third place.

- The religion that will grow faster will be Islam.

Without water and with hurricanes

- Temperature will rise between 0.5 and 1.5 degrees Celsius and the level of the oceans will rise between 6 and 11 centimetres as a result of global warming.
- We will see more storms, cyclones, tornadoes, hurricanes, droughts and floods.
- The growing use of soil and climate change will produce the extinction of between 21 percent and 24 percent of agencies in Asia, and between 16 percent and 35 percent in Africa.
- Mammals and birds will disappear at a speed hundred times greater than that of nature.

- The
water demand from agricultural use, industrial and domestic grow by 16 percent in the next two decades, particularly in developing countries, which will join the growing drought that will live in the Middle East, the Maghreb, northern China and large sections of India and South Africa.
- The water will be transformed into a focus of conflict, becasue of the increased demand, specially in
China, India, Iran and Pakistan, which need large amounts for agriculture.

Internet Around the World

- In two decades, most of the media converge toward the platform of the Internet and interactive television.
People will occupy more hours on the network and grow as an advertising medium.
Internet will be accessible almost anywhere on earth, but the contents of the first level will be reduced to subscribers, there will be more control on the part of providers of information.

War and biological arms

Spends on defense will be twice that current, led by U.S.A. , while the biggest leap in terms of military power starring as China and India, which will move from importing arms to major exporters.
It is expected to increase civil wars and conflicts between states and terrorists, leading to displacement and refugees.
Sensors and devices implanted in the body will help to combat biological war and the cyber war will become a reality.

Terrorism will become more sophisticated.

There will be proliferation of arms of mass destruction, ethnic conflicts, new forms of nationalism, computer attacks, pandemics and migration.
There will increase the risk of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological).
India and Pakistan
will join to the countries that have declared having nuclear weapons (China, Russia, United States, France, India, Pakistan, United Kingdom and North Korea) , besides Iran, Israel, Libya and Syria.

We will live five more years

- Life expectancy will have risen from 67.3 years to 72.2 years.
- Japan will follow the lead with an average of 85.7 years.

- The global population aged 80 or over will be three times the current and 60 percent of them live in Asia.
- Women live longer than men, but the gap is narrower with a difference that will be between 4 and 6 years.
- Fertility rates in women under 20 and over 40 decline in almost all regions of the world.

Other changes

- Poverty will go down in the world and 15 percent of the population belong to the middle class (today is 5.9 per cent) .
- The number of undernourished (who consume less than 2,100 calories a day) will fall from 710 (current) to 460 million.
- We will not work more than 5 to 8 hours a week in office because it will be available from anywhere on the planet, even in an airplane.
- Most food and drinks to help sleep, to focus and improve the digestive system.
- Cars still will need oil but each day is more common for vehicles to use hydrogen to run.

Source: "El Tiempo" newspaper from Colombia

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