Creation of "Parque Central"



The Estadio Parque Central, popularly known as Parque Central, is the stadium of Club Nacional de Football. It is located in Montevideo, Uruguay, near Nacional headquarters (exactly between the streets Carlos Anaya, Jaime Cibils, General Urquiza and Comandante Braga), in the La Blanqueada neighbourhood. In this stadium, Nacional plays its home games.

This stadium was one of the venues of the 1930 FIFA World Cup, and it is the grounds in which the first match in the history of the FIFA World Cup was played (when in group D the United States defeated Belgium 3-0 on July 13th, 1930). This historical fact was remembered by FIFA on two occasions: 1987 and 2005. At the same time, another match was played at the now defunct Estadio Pocitos.[1]

The stadium has four main stands: Tribuna José María Delgado (North), Tribuna Atilio García (South), Talud Abdón Porte (West), Talud Héctor Scarone (East), named after famous Nacional players (like Atilio García, Abdón Porte and Héctor Scarone) and a chairman of the club (José María Delgado).

History

The Estadio Parque Central is one of the most important landmarks in the history of Uruguay, not only because of its relevance in sports, but also for its bonds with the richest history of Uruguayans and their national, patriotic feelings.

Before the existence of Parque Central as a sports ground, in the exact same location (which used to be known as "Chacra de la Paraguaya"), Uruguay's national hero José Artigas was named Jefe de los Orientales (leader of the Uruguayan people) in 1811. Some authorities dispute this as the site of the "Chacra de la Paraguaya."


The beginnings

The Parque Central was opened for the practice of sports in 1900, having been the site of Montevideo's bullring until the abolition of this activity.At first,the tenants of the stadium were Deutscher Fussball Klub for their home games at the first uruguayan league championship in 1900.For 1901,Club Nacional de Football also started to play at the second field as they entered the AUF league.From that year until now, the Estadio Gran Parque Central has witnessed several championships won by Nacional (the last one in 2005/2006 season) and Uruguay national football team.

Many parts of the stadium remain unchanged since 1900, like the old "Mirador" located behind the Tribuna Atilio García stand, although the current pitch is different from the one of the beginning of the past century. The current orientation is east-west,opposite to the first one that was north-south,and there was another field in the actual place of the east stands and eastern part of the pitch.

Until 1930, the Parque Central was the main sports venue in Uruguay. It was only with the building of the Estadio Centenario that Nacional's stadium was superseded.

During the 1930 FIFA World Cup, the stadium hosted 6 group matches:

Group D match

July 13, 1930
15:00
Flag of the United States United States 3–0 Flag of Belgium Belgium Montevideo, Parque Central
Attendance: +15000
Referee: Macias (Argentina)
Bartholomew McGhee 40', 43'
Bert Patenaude 89'


Group B match

July 14, 1930
12:45
Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 2–1 Flag of Brazil Brazil Montevideo, Parque Central
Attendance: ~20000
Referee: Tejada (Uruguay)
Aleksandar Tirnanić 21'
Ivan Bek 30'

João Coelho Neto "Preguinho" 62'

Group A match

July 15, 1930
16:00
Flag of France France 0–1 Flag of Argentina Argentina Montevideo, Parque Central
Attendance: ~18000
Referee: Rege (Brazil)


Luis Monti 81'

Group A match

July 16, 1930
14:45
Flag of Mexico Mexico 0–3 Flag of Chile Chile Montevideo, Parque Central
Attendance: ~7000
Referee: Christophe (Belgium)


Carlos Vidal Lepe 3', 65'
Manuel Rosas Sánchez 52' (og)

Group B match

July 17, 1930
12:45
Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 4–0 Flag of Bolivia Bolivia Montevideo, Parque Central
Attendance: ~20000
Referee: Matteucci (Uruguay)
Ivan Bek 60', 67'
Blagoje Marjanović 65'
Djordje Vujadinović 86'


Group D match

July 17, 1930
14:45
Flag of the United States United States 3–0 Flag of Paraguay Paraguay Montevideo, Parque Central
Attendance: ~20000
Referee: Macias (Argentina)


Remodellings

Burnt almost complete after the fire of 1911,it was rebuilt a couple of years later.The second remodelling of the Estadio Gran Parque Central took place in 1944. On that occasion, improvements of the pitch and the four stands were made, and more seats were added in the main stand, Tribuna José María Delgado.

Thirty years later, the Parque Central was remodelled once again due to a fire that destroyed part of the stadium.

Source: Fuente: www.parquecentral.com.uy; www.bolsilludo.com; http://es.wikipedia.org

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